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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Alison Madueke" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 17 Jun 2015 10:59:26 -0700
Subject: Re: I want to invest in real estate in your country


I am Mrs. Diezani Alison Madueke, I am in Position of US$ 20,000,000.00 (Twenty Million US Dollars) and I want to invest these funds in the Real Estate in your Country or any profitable business in the area of your specialization. Please reply if you can represent me in your country to invest this funds.

Best regards,

Alison Madueke

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Anti-fraud resources: