fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "fiduciary agent" (real lotteries do not use a "claim agent" / "fiduciary agent")
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "© GOOGLE/EUROMILLONES" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 18 Jun 2015 00:33:14 +0100
Subject: CONGRATULATION!!! YOU HAVE WON IN THE SUMMER DRAW.
E-MAIL SUMMER AWARD LOTTERY 2015.
Dear E-mail User/Winner,
Your e-mail ID has emerged as a winner of 576,000.00 (Five Hundred Seventy Six Thousand Euros) in our on-going Google/EuroMillions Summer Promotion Award Spain 2015. We wish to congratulate you once again on this note, for being part of our winners selected this year. This promotion was set-up to encourage the active users of the Google search engine and the Google ancillary services...
The Google Promotion Award Team collects the E-mail ID of all active users online, among the people that subscribed to GOOGLE SEARCH ENGINE, GOOGLEMAIL, YAHOOMAIL, T-ONLINE.DE,MSN, HOTMAIL, AOL, GMX,REDIFFMAIL, ALTAVISTA, BIGPOND, FACEBOOK,WEB.DE and all the social networks online, among the billions users that subscribe to internet in which your email ID did emerge as one of the lucky winners that won 576,000.00 (Five Hundred Seventy SixThousand Euros) through electronic balloting System Your Email Address hit the Random selection Eticket : GO/E87698765 , Ref No: GESP/ 5207/16/2015.
We are congratulating you for having been one of the lucky people that won for this Month of June. To claim your won prize, please contact the Google Award claims Fiduciary Agent:
Grupo Agencia Universal
Pl. Alqueria Nova 17
Tel/Fax: +34 634 048 810
Eva Christensen Paton
Google/Euromillones promotion Team