fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Outblaze.com, Hong Kong; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
- this to inform you that our email account : (grupo.universal firstname.lastname@example.org) is having technical problems and have been changed (Consultant; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "SUMMER DRAW" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 27 Jun 2015 03:04:54 +0100
Subject: ATTENTION!! WINNER GOOGLE/EUROMILLONES SUMMER DRAW.
Dear E-mail User/Winner,
This to inform you that our email account : (grupo.universal email@example.com)
is having technical problems and have been changed to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Please send back your winning information and the payment processing form sent to
you to our new email to enable us facilitate your winning prize and pay you through
the paying bank immediately.
Thanks for your prompt response and accept our congratulation once again.
Grupo Agencia Universal
Pl. Alqueria Nova 17
Tel/Fax: +34 634 048 810