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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "SUMMER DRAW" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 27 Jun 2015 03:04:54 +0100

Dear E-mail User/Winner,

This to inform you that our email account : (grupo.universal
is having technical problems and have been changed to:
Please send back your winning information and the payment processing form sent to
you to our new email to enable us facilitate your winning prize and pay you through
the paying bank immediately.

Thanks for your prompt response and accept our congratulation once again.

Grupo Agencia Universal
Pl. Alqueria Nova 17
Madrid, Spain.
Alfredo Casmi.
(Claim Officer)
Tel/Fax: +34 634 048 810

Anti-fraud resources: