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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Jeh Charles Johnson <>
Date: Mon, 27 Jul 2015 10:04:42 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Secretary to the us department of homeland security.

Tele:(206)745-8456 text SMS only

I am Mr.Jeh Charles Johnson. The secretary, to the us department of homeland
security Washington DC, I am writing to you regarding your abandoned
consignment box worth 4.5 million kindly reconfirm your Full
address, Full name, Phone number, and Nearest Airport. I wait for your urgent
and positive respond. You can call presidency officer Mr Jerry mark Who is in
charge of releasing the box to me +229 95114736 or reach email

Best Regard
Mr.Jeh Johnson
Secretary us department of homeland security

Anti-fraud resources: