fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "the diplomat " ("diplomats" who perform deliveries of cash or other valuables to you only exist in 419 scams)
- "executive governor" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- "central bank of nigeria" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "CALL NOW!" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 7 Oct 2015 07:30:25 -0700
Subject: QUICKLY CALL FRANK HILTON +1 323-208-6910 AND EMAIL HIM ASAP!
Attention: Compensation from The New President Muhammadu Buhari.
The Central Bank of Nigeria investigation has revealed that after all promise to deliver your funds $ 1 OR 1 Cent has not-been payed to you.However, am glad to inform you on the development of your compensation fund.For your information Your Diplomat has arrived LAX International Airport, You are Given 24 hours to confirm your Full house / office address and valid phone number to Diplomat Named Frank Hilton to enable him deliver your consignment Containing the amount of $500,000.00 (Five Hundred Thousand Dollars,Only) to you today.
Without delay get in touch with the Diplomat ASAP with your details at (firstname.lastname@example.org ) or +1 323-208-6910.
Get back to me with updates.CONGRATULATIONS!!!
CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA