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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Peter Jan Mulder <>
Date: Thu, 8 Oct 2015 07:53:32 -0200
Subject: Att:My Dear ,

Att:My Dear ,

I am Peter Jan Mulder, a Belgian medical director attached to the
former President of Ukraine. During one of his oil businesses with the
West, which I helped him then to coordinate, I made the sum of
US$4,500,000.00 and moved it through the back door to an escrow
account with a Bank in England.

I am contacting you to help me receive the funds in your country for
investment and Charity. Please know that 35% will be for you,60% for
me and remaining 5% is to be invested into charity.

Looking forward to hearing from you.

Peter Jan Mulder.

Anti-fraud resources: