fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Daniel Honfo" <email@example.com>
Reply-To: "Mr.Daniel Honfo" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 28 Oct 2015 03:10:23 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Mr. Mark Damion
Your total fund of Three Million Six Hundred thousand United State Dollars ($3.6 Million)need to be deliver through Check and your details are needed to re-confirmed, such as your full name;address;your personal contact phone/mobile.
The above details will send to Mr. Mark Damion,by clicking reply and see the email to send the reply to,for the processing of the Fiduciary and the approval of your Check by the ECO BANK and his contact phone is Tel: +229 98889902.
Don't delay to contact him before 72 hours,to avoid him return the Check form to the legal authority for the cancel of your fund.
Yours in service,