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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Maurice Seidu <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 5 Dec 2015 05:08:59 -0800
Subject: Seeking your MOU.

Dear Sir,
My name is Mr.Maurice Siedu and I work as chief director , Agricultural Services Ghana.
I am seeking your mutual assistance to move $21.5 million fertilizer -subsidy fund to your country for a private investment and of your benefits.
Please let me know the best time to call and I will explain more details about this business.
I will be looking forward to your response.
Mr.Maurice Seidu,
Chief Director,
Agricultural Services Ghana.

Anti-fraud resources: