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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Claudio Ranti" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 4 Dec 2015 22:33:22 +0100

I write to intimate you of business opportunities at our disposal, which might interest you. These include opportunities in the area of projects/business financing, through profit-sharing partnership, with, or without our equity/shareholding participations in subject project/business, depending on your choice.
We finance good investment ideas either from start to finish, or at any stage, either alone, or jointly with the owners of the ideas and we also provide specific funding for specific aspects of a company/entity’s business activities, including operating costs etc.
We provide the funding with no collaterals and in return we are entitled to an agreed percentage of the company’s/beneficiary entity’s annual net profits, for as long as our funds shall remain with such company, or entity. And at the end of the partnership, receivers/beneficiaries of our funds will refund our principal sums availed them at inception and we are gone forever. We provide the funds for an initial period of 10 years, with rollover, or extension options.
The investments that can attract our funds must be legitimate, lawful, non-speculative, safe and able to generate reasonable recurrent annual returns on investments. Such projects/investments could be in any field of human endeavours, and could be located in any country, as long as it meets the above criteria.
If you have anything that can be of mutual interests to us and you, or you have any such project that requires our funding and which meets the above criteria, pls bring it on and we will be glad to work with you, on it.
I thank you and hope to read from you by return.
Claudio Ranti
Financial Advisor/Coordinator.

Anti-fraud resources: