fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Allen Eve" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 8 Dec 2015 01:00:43 +0800
I am Mr. Alan Eve, General Manager with an International Bank in Benin Republic. Are you a business minded person?, can you uphold financial transaction with utmost secrecy, sincerity and seriousness?, Your ability to respond and co-operate with me will be the beginning of more good financial deals between us.
I have the official duty to process and release unclaimed funds to the relatives of persons who have died without placing will/testament on their monetary assets. Recently, there are multiple funds floating in the bank treasury, these funds are what I want to transfer to your bank account for your benefit and mine.
Can you be trusted?, However, as soon as you give me a reply and we conclude the necessary talks agree on the terms and conditions, and also sign the Memorandum of Understanding Agreement which my private Lawyer will draft that will protect the interest of us in this transaction, the sum of 24,520,000.00 EUROS, (Twenty Four Million, Five Hundred and Twenty Thousand Euros), will be transferred to your bank account immediately.
The transfer of the funds to your Bank account will be lawfully executed in line with the wire regulatory ethics guiding the transfer of huge fund from one country to another because I will prepare a supporting documents to enable the management of our bank to immediately approve the transfer of the funds in your favour to the bank account you will nominate to receive the funds. Note that we can achieve the success of the fund transfer to your bank account within 7 bank working days as soon as both of us agree on the terms and conditions and also sign the Memorandum of Understanding Agreement which my private Lawyer will draft that will protect our interest in this transaction.
Please, due to the confidential nature of this financial deal, I will want you to indicate your interest by simply reply through this my confidential email address (firstname.lastname@example.org)
I anticipate your urgent response to this financial matter, thank you.
Mr. Alan Eve.