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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Koffy Ange" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 7 Dec 2015 14:45:17 -0800
Subject: Greetings To You

From: Mr. Koffy Ange.
Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation, (NNPC)
49 Road, Close A House 14,
Dolphin Estate, Ikoyi,
Lagos Nigeria.
Tel: +234-7017-247-599.

Hello Dear,

I am sorry for contacting you through this medium without any previous notice. I am a senior staff with Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC). My colleagues and I intentionally over-invoiced a contract award to the tune of USD50M. All arrangements have been concluded on how to transfer this fund into a safe foreign account after the original contractor has been fully paid. By virtue of our Civil service code of conduct, serving officers are not allowed to Operate foreign bank accounts.

This is why I am seeking your mutual involvement to work with us in getting the over-invoiced sum USD50M transferred into your foreign Bank account for our benefit. Please indicate your interest via email hence other modalities will be discussed. There is no risk involved and the fund transferred would have full legal backup.

Please treat with utmost confidentiality.

Best Regard,

Mr. Koffy Ange.
Tel: +234-7017-247-599.

Anti-fraud resources: