fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following fake company names, fake addresses, non-existent institutions/documents or other details have appeared in scams before:
- "first national bank" (not involved with lotteries)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: NEL.HENDRICK MARTINUS
Date: Tue, 8 Dec 2015 15:50:57 +0200
Subject: FIRST NATIONAL BANK-FNB
FIRST NATIONAL BANK-FNB,
9TH FLOOR, FNB CENTRE,
5 SIMMONDS STREET , PO BOX 7725
SOUTH AFRICA (SA).
THERE ARE TWO GENTLEMEN WHO CAME TO OUR BANK THIS MORNING, CLAIMING THAT THEY ARE YOUR REPRESENTATIVES FOR THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUNDS (IMF) AND THE WORLD BANK BENEFICIARY ALLOWANCE PAYMENT ($3.5 MUSD ONLY).
ALTHOUGH THEY HAVE ALREADY SUBMITTED YOUR ACCOUNT INFORMATION WHERE THEY CONFIRMED YOU WANT YOUR ALLOWANCE PAYMENT OF $3.5, MUSD TO BE TRANSFERRED, BUT WE REALLY WANT TO INFORM YOU BEFORE WE GO AHEAD TO MAKE THIS TRANSFER BECAUSE THIS DEPARTMENT WAS JUST SET UP FOR THESE PURPOSE, AND WE WILL BE CONCLUDING WITHIN 7 WORKING DAYS. THEREFORE WE REALLY WANT TO FINALIZE THIS TRANSFER BEFORE THE DEMISE OF THE MANDATED 7 WORKING DAYS.
PLEASE COMMUNICATE WITH US FASTER TODAY.
MR.NEL HENDRICK MARTINUS
HEAD OFFICER, FIRST NATIONAL BANK
JOHANNESBURG SOUTH AFRICA.
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