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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Melvin" <>
Reply-To: "Melvin" <>
Date: Thu, 24 Dec 2015 05:27:01 -0600
Subject: URGENT


I have an investor who is looking to invest in entrepreneurial teams with big ideas and a need for seed capital to turn
their ideas into great companies.

I believe every business man or woman is basically an entrepreneur, for we all strive to achieve optimal goals using limited
resources. In seeking out worthwhile investment opportunities,

We are always on the look out for ventures whose principals exhibit a high level of creativity combined with the right
amount of experience in the chosen field.

For and on Behalf of the Investor 395,
Shosse Kosmonavtov Perm, Russia
Tel: +44 7031975765

Anti-fraud resources: