fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mr.Robert Douglas <WETFORD@inyrd.onmicrosoft.com>
Date: Sat, 9 Jan 2016 03:30:57 +0100
Subject: Information And Urgent
I just received an email from Mr. Lonie Rayford the Director Of DHL Compan=
y that the ATM CARD valued the sum of ($2.5 Million Dollars) which I sent t=
o you was returned back due to wrong address provided, They need the reconf=
irmation of the following information's:
Your Full Name:
Your Phone Number:
Your Age and occupation:
Contact them with the following information immediately:
Mr. Larry Aloysius
Telephone: +229 68473322
They will require you to pay for International Delivery Permit Certificate=
fee, please don=2019t hesitate to pay it immediately so they will recommen=
ce the shipment and also forward you your tracking information to you. Just=
send me a brief email as soon as you received the shipment.
Your registration code is (DHL/14160/2015), use it as your subject when co=
ntacting them so they will recognize you and attend to you without any dela=
Thanks and have a nice day.
Mr. Robert Douglas