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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 9 Jan 2016 20:49:50 -0600
Subject: Dear winner

Dear winner,

Your email account has won you Email Online Free Lotto of One Million Euro,
all the selected email ID account addresses used on this program was
selected from a data base of internet e-mail users, from which your e-mail
ID address came out as the winning coupon, and the lotto program was
organized by the U.S, Europe, Asia and Middle East Affiliate to encourage
the use of Internet and promote computer literacy worldwide, and your
winning expiring date is 30th of January, 2016, and contact our fiduciary
Agent below for your winning claim with your winning number: OL/656/033/400.

Online Lotto Agency.
Winning claim department.
TEL: +31-644-988-051
With regards,

Online Lotto Team.

Anti-fraud resources: