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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Amira Kandel <>
Reply-To: Amira Kandel <>
Date: Tue, 19 Jan 2016 08:21:49 +0900 (JST)
Subject: I am Amira Kandel a 20 years old girl orphan from Abidjan Cote d' Ivoire.I have U$4,500,000,00 which I inherited from my late father and I now decided to leave this country beause of the wicked treatment that I am getting from my uncles and I want to transfer the money to your account to enable me come over your country to start new life and further my education while you invest the money in a lucrative business because my life is in danger here, though we have never met each other in person but I believe

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Anti-fraud resources: