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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Lizzy Wilfred" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 1 Mar 2016 00:11:02 -0500
Subject: next of kin

Please accept my apologies,I do not want to invade on your privacy, I wrote earlier email
to you, but unfortunately,There was no response from you, In my first email,I stated about
my late client Mr.Ryan,who bears the same last name with you,He died a sudden death few
years back,After his death, I received several letters from the bank where he made a
deposit of 30 million U.S.D before his death, the bank asked me to provide his next of kin
or any of his relatives, who will claim the funds, otherwise it will be confiscated by the
bank because I could not locate any of his relatives hence I contacted you for this claim,
since you have the same last name with him,Kindly indicate your interest to enable me
update you with more details on how it can be executed.
You can reply through my private email below:(
Best Regards,
Dr. Lizzy Wilfred

Anti-fraud resources: