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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Josh Adams" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 5 Mar 2016 04:38:10 +0100
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary.

Attention: Beneficiary.

Be informed that the IMF just discovered a US$15.5m owed to you through the IMF Central Data System. A part payment of US$4.8 Million has been approved to be paid to you through an Automated Teller Machine (ATM) Card or Online Transfer (E-Transfer).
You are required to contact the Authorized Paying Bank, the Reserve Bank Of India through the below contact information;
Name: Mr. Rohit Jain
General Manager In-Charge,
Department of Banking Supervision (DBS),
Reserve Bank of India.
Contact Phone Number: +91 78 38 356059
Contact E-mail:
Contact him with your full name, address and phone number as soon as you receive this e-mail for further information on the effective payment of your approved fund of US$4.8 Million.
Yours In-Service,
Mr. Josh Adams
Director, Funds Reconciliation Dept.,
IMF Resident Representative Office, New Delhi, India.

Anti-fraud resources: