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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Cathy" <>
Date: Sun, 06 Mar 2016 08:29:02 +0000
Subject: 2016 Conference/Invitation

On behalf of (NJ H R F) It is my pleasure to invite you to the International global combined event on Human Trafficking, Prostitution, Sex Worker,taking place from 20th - 23rd of April 2016 at the {Atlantic City Convention Center, Atlantic City, New jersey, United States of America)and from April 26th -30th, 2016 in Dakar-Senegal, West -Africa?. For more information please contact the secretary via email:

Please mark these dates in your diary and share the information with your colleagues.

Dr.Cathy Chester
(Ph.D) Coordinator

Anti-fraud resources: