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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Fu Zhongjun" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 6 Mar 2016 21:04:46 +0100
Subject: Business proposal


I am the Executive Director, the industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC). I have a mutual business
proposed, which refers to the transfer of a large amount of money to a foreign account, with your help as a foreign partner as the recipient of funds. All about this shall be legally done without problems of any financial authority. Please endeavor to observe greater discretion in all matters relating to this issue. If you are interested, please reply back through my private e-mail written below, and I'll give you more information about I and the project soon as I receive your positive response.

Private e-mail:

cordial greeting
Mr.Fu Zhongjun
Executive Director.
ICBC .China

Anti-fraud resources: