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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Executive Director." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 11 Mar 2016 10:34:17 +0100
Subject: HELLO --Hyvää päivää,

Hyvää päivää,

Tarvitsen ulkomainen kumppani keskinäisen liiketoiminnan ehdotus, joka koskee siirtoa suuren summan rahaa ulkomaan tilille, koska vastaanottaja varoista. Kaikkea tätä kauppa tehdään laillisesti ilman siltaa taloudellisen viranomaisen niin minun maa ja yours.I wil hemmotella teitä viettämään äärimmäisen luottamuksellisesti kaikissa asioissa tähän asiaan. Jos olet kiinnostunut, vastaa kautta minun yksityinen sähköpostiosoite kirjoitettu alla, annan teille lisää tietoa itseäni rahoituslaitos edustin ja todellisten määrien liittyy koskien projektin heti olen saanut myönteisen vastauksen.

Yksityinen sähköposti:

Ystävällinen tervehdys,


China Bank.

Good day,

I need a foreign partner for a mutual business proposal ,which relates to the transfer of a large sum of money to a foreign account, as the recipient of the funds. Everything about this transaction will be done legally without any bridge of financial authority both in my Country and yours.I wil indulge you to observe utmost discretion in all matters relating to this issue. If you are interested, please reply back via my private email address written below, I will give you more information about myself with the financial institution I represented and actual amounts involves regarding the project as soon as I receive your positive response.

Private email:

Friendly greeting,

Executive Director.

China Bank.

Anti-fraud resources: