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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. James Michael Berry" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 16 Mar 2016 18:29:41 -0400
Subject: Investment Offer


I am Mr. James Michael Berry, a Consultant Financial Services representative/to business moguls and politicians. I am contacting you to discuss possibilities of investing in your country.

Please get back to me via my E-mail, contact details below, for more Information.E-mail:
If you are interested to partner with me to accomplish this investment purpose.

Take note that this is strictly for serious minded individual with business experience intense of investment

I anticipate your urgent response.

Your's truly,

Mr. James Michael Berry
Consultant Financial Services
278 Leigh Road Worsley
Manchester M28 1LH
United Kingdom

Anti-fraud resources: