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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Barrister <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 17 Mar 2016 01:19:04 -0700
Subject: =?utf-8?q?Your_ATM_Pin-code_is_=C2=ADthis_=28Imf-7710=29?=

Attn: Fund Owner!

This is Mr.James Steven, General Secretary of International Monetary
Fund [IMF]. I write this letter to you based on our board of Directors
meeting held yesterday to release your unpaid through ATM MasterCard
payment method and send it to your house to avoid anymore delay. We
have converted your total fund of $4.5 Million to ATM MasterCard and
ready to be shipped, meanwhile you are advise to contact ATM PAYMENT

Mr.Dexter Johnson, for the Shipment.

Contact Mr. Dexter Johnson via the following information below:

Mr. Dexter Johnson
ATM MasterCard Payment.

Do reconfirm the following information to Mr. Dexter Johnson to avoid
wrong delivery:

Full Name_____________________
Home or Office Address:__________
Country:______________________ ___
Mobile#_______________________ ___
ID If Available__________________

We told Mr. Dexter Johnson that you will contact him soon for the
shipment of your ATM MASTER CARD and you are advise to use the
following code as Subject when contacting him: the code is (Imf-7710).
Your ATM
Pin-code will be given to you as soon as you contact him. Have a nice

Yours In Service
Master James Steven

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Anti-fraud resources: