fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advise to" (this email uses bad English)
- "email@example.com" (this email address looks like addresses used in "ATM SWIFT card" scams)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: Barrister <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 17 Mar 2016 01:19:04 -0700
Attn: Fund Owner!
This is Mr.James Steven, General Secretary of International Monetary
Fund [IMF]. I write this letter to you based on our board of Directors
meeting held yesterday to release your unpaid through ATM MasterCard
payment method and send it to your house to avoid anymore delay. We
have converted your total fund of $4.5 Million to ATM MasterCard and
ready to be shipped, meanwhile you are advise to contact ATM PAYMENT
Mr.Dexter Johnson, for the Shipment.
Contact Mr. Dexter Johnson via the following information below:
Mr. Dexter Johnson
ATM MasterCard Payment.
Do reconfirm the following information to Mr. Dexter Johnson to avoid
Home or Office Address:__________
ID If Available__________________
We told Mr. Dexter Johnson that you will contact him soon for the
shipment of your ATM MASTER CARD and you are advise to use the
following code as Subject when contacting him: the code is (Imf-7710).
Pin-code will be given to you as soon as you contact him. Have a nice
Yours In Service
Master James Steven
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