fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "into your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Ade Olamide" <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 21 Mar 2016 19:37:09 +0100
Subject: Outstanding Inheritance Payment
From:Mr Ade Olamide
Outstanding Inheritance Payment
According to the investigation I carried out in my office on your Inheritance payment file which was submitted to my office for final remittance of your fund into your account,I discovered that you are not the real next of kin,that is to say that you are not the original Inheritance because each time I want to remit this money into your account it always show error in the computer system and also the zip code could not fit in with the code number in the system.
Be inform that any one telling you that he/she will release this money to you is just deceiving you because you know within yourself that you are NOT the the next of kin as you claim. In other hand, I felt so uncomfortable when I found out on my computer data,so I have to contact you base that your name was found in my computer system but after proper investigation, I discovered that the original next off kin of this fund Which is now late has not been paid and the money was just floating in the bank audit.What I demanded from you is just 50% of this money then I will make it a reality to you by transferring the fund into your nominated bank account.
dont be deceived by the ignorant of those who is trying to reap from you and what you stand to gain because at the end you will lose all. Every payment regarding international debt to the foreign beneficiaries will be paid through my executive office.
As you can see or have heard about the debt relief to the Federal Government Of Nigeria by the international creditors lead by Paris club and American Government which the British Prime Minister, pleaded to the world during the G-8 Conference in London few months back. After the relief, The Nigerian Government has mandated the central bank to release all foreign debt to the beneficiaries.
It was sequel to this that the Governor Of Central Bank passed an instruction to my department to carry out the investigation to know who has been paid and who has not been paid so that I will carry out the payment immediately as soon as the benefactor have completed the procedures with international money transfer required and that is the transfer charges.
Therefore, it was on the process that I discovered your name as I explained above regarding you not been the original of the beneficiary.
Thereafter,I will advice that you re-confirm all your bank details and your full details to enable me make some corrections and proceed with the transfer.
This fund was owned by an American who was late, this money which is now floating in my department awaiting for transfer and nobody is aware that you are not the next of kin to the deceased except me which I will never disclose to any one apart from you base on the following conditions:
1. That the money will be shared as thus: 50% for you and 50% for me.
2. You will never let anyone know about this development because of security reasons.
3. You should stop further communication with any other person(s) in regards to this payment.
4. You should send me either your international passport or driving license for better identification.
If my conditions are acceptable to you, do not hesitate to send the above requirements for further directives.
You should stop further communication with any other person(s) in regards to this payment both here and offshore payment center
Looking forward to hearing from you.
Mr Ade Olamide
Director - International Remittance
/Foreign Allocation Department (CBN)