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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Greta Lugman" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 21 Mar 2016 20:07:06 -0500
Subject: Re: Please Help Me Claim And Invest $22.5M USD

Hello Friend
My Name is Greta Lugman From Philippines, the wife of Late Mr Gomes Theophilos Lugman, One of The financial advisers to Late  President Muammar Gaddafi of Libya, I am currently writing from Libya, Please I will like you to help me claim and help me Invest $22.5M USD deposit in an offshore, which I can not do due to the war here and also i am suffering from bone marrow cancer, please could you write me at my private email ( ) so that i can tell you more about it and give you documents proofs for it, thank you for your understanding and hope to hear from  you soon. I am ready to give you 40% of the total money.
Mrs Greta Lugman
Note: Please REPLY ME At

Anti-fraud resources: