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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Agent Charles" <>
Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2016 05:39:00 +0100

My dear,

I am Agent Charles Uba, Senior Security Officer from Murtala Muhammed
International Airport Security Service Nigeria.

We are hereby wish to inform you that we have recovered your Inheritance
Payment/Consignment (box) from Lt Gen James Morgan who was trying to redirect
the delivery to another address which totally different from yours, and he
stated that you are aware of changing the delivery address to another
destination and we decided to confirm from you before we can release the
consignment to him, please are you aware of changing the delivery of your
consignment (box) to another destination?

This consignment (box) was retrieved from who claimed to be Lt Gen James
Morgan during our last routine inspection suspected to be banking instruments
worth Millions of United States Dollar notes in cash as indicated on the
consignment papers.

Confirm to us if we should allow Lt Gen James Morgan to proceed with the
redirection of your consignment/box to his its destination.

Lt Gen James Morgan is in our custody with your consignment, you respond

Waiting for your urgent response.

Mr. Charles Uba.

(Murtala Muhammed
International Airport
Security Service Nigeria)

Anti-fraud resources: