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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ruth" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 26 Mar 2016 01:32:33 +0100
Subject: Cry for help.....

Hello Dear
I am Ruth,18 years old from Libya but now living in Cambodia on asylum and I got your email address from your country online email database Directory,
Please Can you help me to transfer my inheritance of  US$45M from Cambodia bank to your account for investment.
More details will be furnished to you on receipt of your reply and remember this business required absolute secret and confidentiality and I hope you will treat it as such. Enclose your private phone for confidential purposes and further communication.
I have agreed to offer you 30% of the total sum for helping me and additional 5% for any expenses which you might incur as a result of this transaction so if you are interested in the business kindly reply immediately.
If you are interested in the business, please reply to me immediately only to my private email address and I will send you the full details and all the procedures and please send to  me your full name and your direct mobile telephone number.
Again because of security reason you must keep this matter top secret and nobody should know about it only me and you and reply only to this my Hotmail  email ID:
Reply only to my private email address:
I am looking forward to the courtesy of your reply. Thanks for your anticipated  cooperation's.
Yours sincerely,

Anti-fraud resources: