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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Legal Yerima Ijere Deen <>
Date: Sun, 27 Mar 2016 13:38:39 +0200
Subject: With due respect Sir / Madam.

Attn: Sir / Madam

With due respect, I am Honourable Barrister Ijere Deen the financial
attorney to late Mr. Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi of Libya
here in West Africa.

My late client Mr. Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi before his
death deposits the sum of ($30.4M USD) only to finance Security
Company here in Africa.

As the financial attorney to the account I want us to join hands and
move this fund to your position as a deal and share the fund after
transfer, please if interested reply ASP.

Honourable Barrister Ijere Deen

Anti-fraud resources: