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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Richard Cousins <>
Reply-To: Richard Cousins <>
Date: Sun, 27 Mar 2016 10:20:02 -0300 (BRT)
Subject: Business proposal/Reply

Compliment Of the Day,


In order to transfer to overseas (£42,000.000.00 GBP) Forty Two Million Great British Pounds from Lloyds Banking Group Plc London, United Kingdom. I am Mr. Richard Cousins, I know that this will come to you as a surprise as we have never meet before, but I decided to reach you directly to solicit your assistance and guidelines in making a business investment and transfer of ((£42,000.000.00 GBP) to your country.Please take out a moment of your very busy Schedule today to respond back if you are interested. Reach me on this telephone +44 (0) 708 766 3616 for more additional information or send your response via Please disregard this message if you are not interested.


Richard Cousins (Mr)
Auditor and Accountant
Lloyds Banking Group Plc
Tel: +44 (0) 708 766 3616

Anti-fraud resources: