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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dave Stephen <>
Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2016 06:29:46 -0700

My name is Mr Stephen Dave, I got your contact through internet directory and felt that you might be straight forward fellow and reliable to do business with in areas of investment and financial partnering, I am writing to acquaint you of a transaction and monetary transfer of US$25.4M.
I need a reliable partner to have custody of this fund and we can invest on Real Estate which is at the low presently. Regarding the procedure of this transaction, I will like us to work on it mutually as partners to enable us commence with all arrangements sorted to swiftly conclude this transfer with you.
I look forward to discussing this opportunity further with you. and be free to any question which you don't understand do let me know. please contact me through my email: for private discussion.
Therefore I advice you should forward your information to me as to enable us proceed on the transaction immediately.
Your full Names:
Your Company Name:
Your Mobile phone number:
Your complete address:
A Scan Copy of your Identity.
Thanks for your corporation.
Mr Stephen Dave

Anti-fraud resources: