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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Colonel Mohamed Al-Mnifi" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 31 Mar 2016 18:58:00 -0700
Subject: I wait for your urgent reply (PARTNERSHIP)

I am Colonel Mohamed Manfur Al-Mnifi, Head of Air Force Operations Libya; I found your e-mail ID from the worldwide investment list, I want us to engage in partnership investment in your Country, I have in Security Firm 11.5 Million Euros for the investment project.
The business must remain TOP SECRET and I assure you 100% risky free in this business, all I need is your honest and effort, then I will be happy to accept you as my partner, we need to act fast no time to delay because of the current situation war crisis in my country Libya.
25% of the total funds worth 11.5 Million Euro is for you, after you have done with the investment project completely in your country.
I wait for your urgent reply through this e-mail: (PARTNERSHIP).
Colonel Mohamed Manfur Al-Mnifi

Anti-fraud resources: