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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: frank moss <>
Date: Fri, 1 Apr 2016 13:43:59 +0000
Subject: Dr Frank Moss (Esq) Financial consultant

Dear Sir

names is Dr Frank Moss (Esq), An Economic and Financial Business
Management Consultant based in London, UK,I have a Client who is
interested in investing in your country, a total sum of $25.2M USD, in
Real Estate Management, Hotels and Transportation, your area of business
interest will also be consider for the investment, for which we seek
your assistance as my client overseas representative.

My Client
is a top civil servant in his Country of Origin and such it is against
their government policy to get involved in private business, while under
government employment, hence we address this proposal to you in view of
your impressive profile.

I will forward the scan copy of my
client international passport and other necessary information and
documents in relation to this fund which was deposited with a Security
Finance Company in Amsterdam Netherlands by my client for your proper
knowledge of him upon your request.....

If you feel disposed
towards this project and offer, please indicate by prompt response,with
the Following Details (1) Your Full Names (2) Address (3) Telephone
Number (4) Any of your Identification ID, (WE DO NOT NEED YOUR BANK
DETAILS FOR SECURITY REASONS)...Also, 25% of this total sum will be
given to you upon completion of the transaction, BUT 10% will be giving
to you by Cash, while your balance 15% will be added to the amount
mapped out for investment purposes to enable you have sense of belonging
and also be part of the decision makers in the projects or company that
will be establish in your country.

Please Note, that all
expenses as a result of this transaction, such as the Legal
Documentation from the Royal High Court Justice here in London, to
effect the necessary changes in all the documents of the deposit to your
names and contact address,with the delivery charges will be handle by
my office here in London...

What is required from you is your
total honesty, trust and above all Fear of God, ... and also your
ability to manage the project upon establishment is very necessary...

I look forward to your prompt response, and do send your reply to my secretary email: (

Yours Truly,

Dr Frank Moss (Esq)
Financial consultant

Anti-fraud resources: