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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John Annan" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 1 Apr 2016 13:54:47 -0000
Subject: Business investment

For your consideration,
I write to solicit your assistance in making a business investment and transfer of fund to your country through you.

Kindly reply this mail with your telephone contact if you are interested, I will give you the full
details of the business as soon as I receive your reply.

I look forward to hear from you soon.

John Annan

Anti-fraud resources: