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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Dr Marcel John <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 1 Apr 2016 07:37:46 -0700
Subject: GOOD NEWS

Dear Friend,

I did not forget your past effort and attempts to assist me, now I'm happy
to inform you that I have succeeded in getting those funds transferred
under the cooperation of a new partner from Japan.

All you need to do now is to contact the account officer in the person
of Kenneth Favor for immediate transfer of
your compensation fund worth of $1.5Million(One Million Five Hundred
Thousand United States Dollars that I left with them for your Compensation
before i left to Japan.

Contact them with your details and instruct them on how your fund should
be remitted to you.

Full Name,
Phone,Fax and receiving address.
Contact person; Maco Emma
E Mails :

Dr Marcel John

Anti-fraud resources: