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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: DHL Service <>
Date: Wed, 02 Mar 2016 09:28:55 -0600
Subject: DHL Posted Invoice

Dear, Please find your newly posted invoice(s) =
and BL for your shipments and services =

supplied by DHL Express. Sender Account ending-> *****04291 For full statem=
ent information and a full list of outstanding documents, please click here=
and download. Kindly keep the downloaded documents safe, we will need you =
to provide them =

for confirmation before delivering your parcel. We would like to thank you =
for accepting the services of DHL Express. With kind regards,
DHL Team
Excellence. Simply Delivered:
International express deliveries; global freight forwarding by air, sea, ro=
ad and rail; warehousing solutions from packaging, to repairs, to storage; =
mail deliveries worldwide; and other customized logistic services =96 with =
everything DHL does, we help connect people and improve their lives. THIS I=

Anti-fraud resources: