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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR Toni Owen" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 22 Mar 2016 10:56:28 +1100
Subject: Burger King Restaurants Ltd:

Enjoy this promo You have been awarded €720,000 by Burger-King Family Foundation,
Your email address was chosen online while searching at random numerous costumers details
Kindly sent your winning information’s to the Email below for urgent response?
Immediately we receive your Details you will be informed On how to Claim your prize In your Country within 24 hours,

1) Full Name:
2) Tel: Number:
3) Country of origin

Customer Service
MR,Toni Owen,+34-631-148-044
Transfer Procedures Will Commence immediately we hear from you Thank you

Anti-fraud resources: