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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Kosi" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 4 Apr 2016 15:13:24 +0200
Subject: Hello Dear Friend!

Dear Friend,

Before I proceed I must first apologize for this unanticipated mail to you, I am aware that this is certainly not a conventional way of approach to establish a relationship of trust but is just the pressing need confronting me at moment which has to be dealt with urgently,

I am Mr. James Kosi; Personal Attorney to late Engr.Fox Bluea a foreign expert who used to work with Chevron Oil Company , On the 16th of June 2011, my client his wife and their only daughter were involved in a car accident along Lokoja Abuja Express way. Unfortunately, they all lose their lives in the mishap. Since then I made several effort to locate any of my client’s relatives, which has been unsuccessful. After several unsuccessful attempts in locating them, I decided to contact you for assistance in repatriating the money left behind by my client in a Bank; as an Ultimatum has been given to me by the bank to present a Next of kin to his account.

Fortunately, the Finance House (BANK) where the money US$17 Million (seventeen Million United States Dollars only) was deposited knows me as his attorney and has asked me to come up with someone to claim the fund (NEXT OF KIN) and fourteen working days was given me to do so else the fund will be confiscated by the Authority this I am trying to avoid as it will be of no good allowing the management to take over the fund and since I have been unsuccessful in locating any of his relatives and the deadline is fast running , I want to seek your permission that you enable me present you as the next of kin to the deceased so that the fund will be released to you by the Bank.

Upon receipt of the fund, I will come over to your country to meet with you for the disbursement in this order 40% will go for you and 60% for me. The good news about the clam is that I have in my custody all the necessary legal documents to backup the claim. All I need from you is nothing other than honesty/ co-operation that will enable us conclude this deal without delay and I guarantee that this deal will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect us from any breach of the law.

For further details please get in touch with me through my alternative E-mail address:

Yours Sincerely,

Mr. James Kosi

Anti-fraud resources: