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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John Edward Philips" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 5 Apr 2016 09:51:03 +0200


My name is Robert Philips. I am a Certified and Accredited Financial Advisor/Consultant by the Government of Republic of Ghana in West Africa.

My client with whom I represent has an attractive Business Proposition and herein looking for an interested Partner. I therefore request if you will be pleased to send me your Private Email Address and your Direct Telephone Numbers for presentation of my client’s Financial Proposal for your consideration.

Looking forward to hearing from you shortly.

Yours Regards,
John Edward Philips

Anti-fraud resources: