fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "huge sum of money" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you will be entitled to 30%" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "top secret" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- "is 100% risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- "affidavit " (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: JERRY MAYAKI <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 7 Apr 2016 04:42:27 -0700
Subject: IMPORTANT BUSINESS PROPOSAL
I am JERRY MAYAKI the director in-charge of auditing and accounting of commercial bank in Nigeria West Africa with due respect and regard. I have decided to contact you on a business transaction
that will be very beneficial to both of us at the end of the transaction. During our investigation and auditing in this bank, my department came across a very huge sum of money belonging to a deceased person who died on November 2014 in a plane crash and the fund has been dormant in his account with this bank without any claim of the fund in our custody either from his family relation before our discovery to this development.
Although personally, I keep this information secret within myself and my partners to enable the whole plans and ideas be profitable and Successful during the time of execution. the said amount was US$ 14M(fourteen million Dollars).United States Meanwhile,all the whole arrangements to put claims over this fund as the bonafide next of kin to the deceased, get the required approval and transfer this money to a foreign account has been put in place and directives and needed information will be relayed to you as soon as you indicate your
interest and willingness to assist us and also benefit yourself to this great business opportunity.
In fact I could have done this deal alone but because of my position in this country as a civil servant,we are not allowed to operate a foreign account and would eventually raise an eye brow on my side during the time of transfer because I work in this bank.this is the actual reason why it will require a second party or fellow who will forward claims as the next of kin with affidavit of trust and oath to the bank and also present a
foreign account where he will need the money to be re-transferred into on his request as it may be after due verification and clarification by the correspondent branch of the bank where the whole money will be
remitted from to your own designated bank account. I will not fail to inform you that this transaction is 100% risk free. On smooth conclusion of this transaction,you will be entitled to 30% of the total sum as gratification, while 10% will be set aside to take care of the expenses that may arise during the time of transfer and also telephone bills,while 60% will be for me and my partners.Please,you have been advised to keep top secret as we are still in service and intend to retire from service after we
conclude this deal with you.
I will be monitoring the whole situation here in this bank until you confirm the money in your account and ask us to come down to your country for subsequent sharing of the fund to percentages previously indicated and further investment,either in your country or any country you advice us to invest in. All other necessary information will be sent to you when I hear from you. I suggest you get back to me as soon as possible stating
your wish in this deal.