fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million pounds" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Charity Foundation<email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 10 Apr 2016 23:16:21 +0200
Subject: ***LUCKY RECIPIENTS**
Dear Sir / Madam,
This is a personal email directed to you,I am Dave Dawes, My fiance and I won a Jackpot Lottery of 101 million pounds (101 Million GBP),and we have voluntarily decided to donate the sum of 1 million pounds (1 Million GBP)to you as part of our own charity project to improve the lot of 5 unknown lucky individuals all over the world plus close friends and family.
We believe that this wonderful opportunity came to us from God and we can not keep it to ourselves alone, Your e-mail address was submitted to us by Google Management Team and if you have received this email is because we have short listed you out as one of the lucky recipients with code number ( BMTU1005 ) as a winner and all you have to do is to contact the attorney in charge. Advocate Allan Pierre with your lucky recipients code number ( BMTU1005 ) via Email ( firstname.lastname@example.org ) so that he can send your details to the payout bank for fund disbursement.
Please you can verify this web pages links below to see our interview.
And one more thing, this donation is made out to you as to enable you strengthen your personal issues and mostly to generously help us extend hands of giving to the less privilege, orphans and charity organizations within your locality.
Good luck to you and your entire family,
Dave & Angela Foundation.