fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "a security company " (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "the consignment" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "can i completely trust you?" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "your humble assistance" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "abidjan" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a orphan scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Ali Hamza<firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 11 Apr 2016 16:16:10 +0100
Subject: Compliment Of The Day
Compliment of the day
I know you will be surprised to read this mail based on the fact that we have not known each other before,but I have no choice than to write you because of my present situation.
My name is Hamza Ali, the only son of a former minister of economics and planning of,Mr.Musa Ali.He was a highly reputable man who opposed the sudanese government of sponsoring the (JANJANWEE REBELS).He was shot by the rebels on his way traveling to Khartoum with my sister.My sister died on the spot where they were attacked,while the UN/AU PEACE KEEPERS rescued my unconscious father.He was later conveyed to Abidjan for medical treatment where he later died ,Though his Libya death was linked or rather suspected to have been masterminded by the government at that time.
Before he died, he told me secretly that he deposited the huge sums of money in a security company in Ghana.
The death of my father actually brought sorrow to my life. Sir,I am in a sincere desire for your humble assistance in this regards.I will have to present you to the company as my late father business associate/beneficiary and claim the consignment and at the same time moved it out of Ghana to your country where you will invest it into a lucrative and profitable business for us.If you can assist us,kindly respond to this mail.Your suggestions and ideas will be highly regarded. Now permit me to ask these
1. Can I completely trust you?
2. What percentage of the total amount in question will be good for you? Consider this and get back to me as soon as possible.
send you reply to mail below
( email@example.com )