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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Daniel Amah <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 14 Apr 2016 08:42:12 +0200
Subject: From Mrs. Melinda Cruz Business Proposal

>From Mrs. Melinda Cruz Business Proposal

Charitable Donation From Mrs. Melinda Cruz.


in the name of the LORD Almighty the giver of every good thing. I know
this proposal will definitely come to you as a huge surprise, but I
implore you to take your time to go through it carefully as the decision
you make will go a long way to determine my future. I am Mrs. Melinda
Cruz an ageing widow of 41 years old suffering from long time illness
breast Cancer and Cancer of the lungs.

I have some funds which I
inherited from my late husband, the sum of USD $ 2 million dollars and I
needed a very honest and God fearing person who can receive this funds
for Charity works.

Please if you would be able to use the funds
for the Charity works please kindly let me know immediately. Please
kindly respond quickly for further details if you can handle this task.

Please Reply me with this E-mail

Regards, Mrs. Melinda Cruz.

Anti-fraud resources: