fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "oecdfr" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 10 Apr 2016 07:44:38 -0700
Subject: payment of your contractural sum
>From the Public Affairs and Communications Directorate:
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Address: 2, rue André Pascal, 75775 Paris CEDEX 16, France
The mission of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world.
Your name appeared among the beneficiaries to receive Part-payment of their contractual sum, the sum of US$6 000 000.00 (Six Million United States Dollar) and has been approved for immediate payment to you since feb 2nd 2016.
However, we received an email from a woman who claims to be your Next of Kin, She has also submitted her account information to us with the view to transferring the fund to her, but our security department has to ascertain the veraicity her claims by contacting you once more before we proceed with the payment.
Please you are advised to reconfirm the below information to enable us facilitate your payment release.
1 Your full names
2 Your present contact address.
3 Your telephone & Fax numbers.
4 Your Occupations/age/sex.
5 Your Private E mail Address.
This information should be sent to
Mr. William Loo
Manager, Asia-Pacific Outreach Programme
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
2, rue André Pascal, 75775 Paris CEDEX 16, France
Tel: +33 9 70 73 23 31
Fax: +33 1 44 30 63 07
We apologize to you on behalf of (OECD) Anti-corruption division for failure to pay your funds in time, which according to records in our system had been long overdue.
Thanks for your understanding
Director - Public Affairs and Communications Directorate