fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "please endeavor to " (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "cashier's check" (Beware of any scheme that involves cashing checks or money orders and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere - you'll be liable for the entire amount if the checks or money orders turn out to be fake, even after you have received and forwarded cash. If it's a lottery prize, remember that real lotteries do not pay large prizes by check. They wire the money directly to your bank account and you do not pay for that. Many scammers promise a large check only in order to then demand payment of courier fees for a fake courier service. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Martins Craig <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: Martins Craig <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 16 Apr 2016 10:12:21 -0400
Subject: Job Opportunity
JOB OPPORTUNITY FOR YOU
We have a mystery shopping assignment in your area and your wage
will be paid Per Assignment/Evaluation. Payment will be provided upfront
in form of a cashier's check/money order, to be posted via USPS regular mail
along with Assignment instruction to your address. Assignment Instruction
Notification will also be sent to you via email and endeavour to check
your email twice daily for assignment update.
Income Per Assignment is $170.00
You would be sent Payment inform of Cashier Check/Money Order, Upfront before you
proceed with the evaluation, which would cover $170.00 as your Income
for the assignment and the remaining balance of the payment will be used
for the Mystery Shopping Assignment Evaluation.
The Job Entails Evaluation process,visiting ,Kmarts,CVS,7eleven,Grocery Stores,Food Lion,
Rite Aids,Publix,Giants,Winn Dixie and many other stores around your vicinity e.t.c
Send below information for validation and to get start:
Full Names :
Home Address :
City, State, Zip code :
Working Cell phone:
Home Phone :
Alternative Email :
Please reply us ASAP to get further instruction and procedures.
Please endeavor to check your email 2-3 times daily for assignment
updates and instruction.
Harry Lewis (HRM),