fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "money laundering" ("anti-terrorist", "anti-money laundering" or "drug-free" certificates are a common way for criminals in fake lottery scams and other Advance Fee scams to get you to send money to them. There are no such certificates in the real banking world. )
- "you are advise to" (this email uses bad English)
- "economic and financial crimes commission" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- "(efcc)" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Michael J. Burn" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 16 Apr 2016 05:24:07 -0700
Subject: UNITED NATION HEADQUARTERS
We hereby inform you that the Scotland Yard Police, Interpol, Federal Bureau of Investigation, (FBI) United States of
America, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) of Nigeria and all the African Crime fighter leaders have
come together to stop scam/internet fraud in Nigeria and all round Africa. We have recovered over US$2.6 Billion Dollars
from the people we have behind bars.
Our duty is to make sure we stop internet scam and money laundering. As for today we have put a lot of fraudsters in
jail. We go all over Africa to pick this internet rats,We have over 8,273 of them in our jail around Africa and we are
still looking for more. We are aware that a lot of foreigners out there have been deceived and lost their hard earn money
to these fraudsters after promising them percentages in their letters/e-mails for their impending help to move funds out
Africa including fake lottery winning notification and at the end of the day, they will collect thousands of dollars from
you without a successful end. It was agreed that to retain the good image of our country and the rest of African
countries, all the victims who lost his/her hard earn money to these faceless thieves will be compensated with just US
$500,000,00 (five hundred thousand Dollars).
This we assume will help you to start a new life. Please, we apologies that you take our offer as little as it is due to
the fact that (victims) in our pay list are too numerous. We en-back on this pay back from the money we recovered from
these fraudsters, So you are advise to contact Mr. Eddie Scott in Nigeria.
let him know if you are still interested to get your Master Card to you today as he have been waiting to hear from you to
help him complete this delivery to you. contact him with your personal information bellow for your Master Card clearance
Provide your details and forward it to Mr. Eddie Scott to is contact details below
Agent Name: Mr. Eddie Scott
Address Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Thank and remain Bless
Mr. Michael J. Burn.