fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Francis" <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 18 Apr 2016 23:05:59 +0100
Subject: Re: Your Cashier Check
It is my pleasure to inform you that your payment issue is settled, and a cashier check of ($7,800,000) has been issued in your name. In my concerted efforts to actualize your fund payment with the convenient time schedule I have negotiated with TNT Express to oversee the delivery of the cashier check to you directly and personally. So, we have concluded the delivery arrangement with TNT logistic manager and your cashier check will be delivered to you by a TNT International Specialists in Express Shipping who will be asigned to handle the delivery of the check personally. Please write down your real and correct name and shipping address, including the postal code and your phone number carefully and completely because we will not be responsible for any unsuccessfully delivery caused by the incorrect customer name and shipping address.
Mr. Daniels Francis Egoyibo
Office of the Accountant General of the Federation
Tel +234 908 109 8889