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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Desmond J.P." <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 20 Apr 2016 01:36:36 +0200


This is my second message to you and it is very personal. Please respond urgently to my direct email, which I have included in this email.
I urgently need an overseas partner to work on a business deal that will financially benefit the both of us hugely. I am a Resource Director in a reputable project financing company, based here in Johannesburg. My choice to contact you is due to your current Geographical location, which currently falls under funding project.
Please know that the success of this will depend on trust and honesty between us, where no one is disposed to cheat or sabotage the other as we are both from different part of the globe and have never met before
If you prefer other means of communication, kindly indicate and include other direct contacts viz: direct telephone , etc. in your response.
I look forward to hearing from you, so I can detail you on this.

Best Regards
Desmond J.P.
Johannesburg, RSA
Direct Email:

Anti-fraud resources: