fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Yoshiaki Koshimura" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 20 Apr 2016 12:42:38 +0200
Subject: Business Proposal of $38,980,369.00
I am Mr. Yoshiaki Koshimura, the Director for Audit, Credit & Marketing of
SuMi TRUST Bank, Japan. I have a business proposal of $38,980,369.00
(Thirty Eight Million, Nine Hundred and Eighty Thousand, Three Hundred and
Sixty Nine USD) only for you to transact with me from my bank to your
All confirmable documents to back up the claims will be made available to
you prior to your acceptance and as soon as I receive your return mail and
I will let you know what is required of you.
Your earliest response to this letter will be appreciated.
Phone +81645604653 (Japan)