fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
Date: Wed, 20 Apr 2016 13:40:06 +0200
Subject: Congratulations!! Your E-mail Account Has Won!!!
Lucky Day Lottery NL.
2280 GB Rijswijk
We proudly bring to your notice the results of our online draws of the Lucky Day Lottery program, conduted Monday 18th, April 2016, and the results were release today. You have been selected as the second category winner in our online draws done via computer ballot system, there were no tickets purchased. Your email address was selected from the World Wide Web and was attached to your winning Reference Number NL007K/0AAH3-Y0/15, Batch Number YGH601-NLS/41ZB and Ticket W521/JKD-VGF01. You have been awarded a lump sum pay out of 3,520,000 EUR (Three Million, Five Hundred and Twenty Thousand Euro Only), which is the winning payout for 2nd category winner in the online draws. In your best interest, we request that you keep the entire details of your award strictly from public notice until the process of transferring your claims has been completed, and your funds transferred to you. This is to protect winners and to avoid misappropriation of funds. In pursuant to your prize collection. Kindly provide him with the below under listed information by fax or email for due processing of your payment file for the transfer of your prize money to you.
Contact Person: Mr. Robert Bongers
For: Claims Processing Dept.
Tel: +31 68-424-4748
Fax: +31 20-719-2254
(1) Beneficiary Full Names (As prefer to be Written on your Winning Documents):
(2). Tel/Fax Number:
(3). Country Origin:
(4). Amount Won:
(8). Residential Address/Postcode:
(9). Your Winning E-mail Address:
(10). A valid Government approved proof of identification (Passport or Driver's license) via email attachment or via fax. This is for record purpose and to ensure we are dealing with the right beneficiary to this claim.
You are hereby advised to choose from the below preferable means with which you would want to receive your winning funds:
(A) Bank to Bank Transfer.
(B) Come to our paying bank in the Netherlands to claim your winning funds.
Maltida Ruby (Mrs).