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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: 20 Apr 2016 07:52:01 -0400
Subject: Congratulations Payment Approved to you.

This is to inform you that your email ID has won the US POWERBALL LOTTERY and your cash prize to be collected is $16.5 million USD (Sixteen Point Five Million United State Dollars). Your Email Lucky Number is = 16 19 32 34 57 13. 3X. and you and check on, just type your lucky numbers. Kindly contact Mr. Peter Morgan ( with your following details below:- 1) Your Full Names. 2) Full Address 3) Telephone/Mobile No 4) Any I.D Passport /Driver Linense 5) Indicate (Yes or No) Do you want your prize amount paid by cheque? 6) Indicate (Yes or No) Do we transfer to your bank account? 7) Bank Details. 8) Still leave in USA or travel out? Make sure you indicated your lucky number in your email to Mr. Peter and he will direct you accordingly on how to claim your cash/prize. Have a continuous blessed day ahead, Mark Williams C.E.O US POWERBALL LOTTERY. HEAD OFFICE NEWYORK USA. Address : 712 Road Newton Avenue, Plot 1032D, New York, N.Y. 10016. Telephone Number : (212) 691-4210. Fax Number : (212) 691-0045.

Anti-fraud resources: